1. “Three things cannot be long hidden: the sun, the moon, and the truth”.
a. This is a quote by Buddha. I would say he is wise.
2. This should matter to you since knowing the truth makes you be a better person.
3. Today I will try to convince you why you should be skeptical of the news you read amongst other things.
4. As a person who is informed in this topic through majoring in political science, and writing about 10 pages in another class about this I have credibility.
5. I will discuss why mainstream media lies, and why it is important for you as college students to be independent.
a. Considering how only around 20% said you were independents. This is very important for you to hear.
TRANSITION: So, does mainstream news lie, and if they do why and how?
1. Chomsky, a very influential political scientist who is well regarded by scholars in that field, said in “What Makes Mainstream Media Mainstream” written in Z Magazine in October 1997 says there are two different types of mainstream media.
a. One of them are those that are owned by conglomerates or have a huge amount of influence, such as the New York Times, FOX News, and CBS.
b. The other ones are smaller news outlets, such as local news and Hollywood.
2. He continues to say that the larger mainstream media news sources control the smaller ones.
a. This is because the larger ones are so influential that in order for the smaller ones to survive they must be largely influenced by the New York Times, FOX News, etc.
3. The larger news sources have ulterior motives.
a. The large news sources according to Chomsky report on the interests of corporations they serve, not their audience.
4. All this culminates to the media being biased, and when something is biased they do not tell the truth because the truth is not biased.
TRANSITION: So, here are two other proofs mainstream media lies through being biased, and how, and why?
1. One of the evidences is stated in the professors Tim Groseclose’s and Jeff Milyo’s publication “A Measure in Media Bias” dated September 2003.
a. They say that journalists are overly liberal citing statistics that 7% of journalists voted for George Bush while 37% of the public voted for him, and that similar results were displayed in previous elections.
II. Whether subconsciously or on purpose journalists will put in their liberal bias, and we all know what bias means.
b. The second one is that in the same study the professors show that virtually all mainstream media from their sample have a liberal bias.
c. Both of these together show that there is definitely a bias in the mainstream media, and we all know what that means, right?
TRANSITION: So, why is it important to be independent to be closer to the truth?
1. Well, in the political science class Public Opinion taught by Daniel McCool I learned that a vast majority of people in the United States do not switch political parties.
a. This brings me to the conclusion that people are loyal to their parties.
2. As college students you all know how to critically read.
a. Therefore, when you check out a news source that you believe to be in accordance with your party’s stance you will be more likely to be a subscriber to that media outlet, which is because loyalty is faithfulness to obligations, and as a Democrat or Republican your obligations is to promote the parties interests.
3. You are also more likely to associate amongst people in your own political party.
4. Independents, according to a University of Michigan article about the 2004 elections titled “Voting Behavior” said independents ranged from very republican to very democrat.
a. Therefore, people are more likely to read publications that have different political affiliations.
5. These things combined make an independent college student more likely to know the truth if they are a college student.
1. In conclusion I will summarize my points, which are that the media is biased therefore says lies, and that independents are more likely to get the closest to the truth.
2. What is a powerful conclusion in a speech if the material is not good?
3. Any questions?
1. Chomsky, N. What Makes Mainstream Media Mainstream. 1997, October.
2. Groseclose, T, & Milyo, J. A Measure Of Media. 2003, September Biashttp://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/polisci/faculty/groseclose/Media.Bias.Old/September.03.pdf
3. Voting Behavior